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Two Steps to Start

:bulletgreen: Create a new account
This is not necessary, per se, but if you have in mind to do more than just one or two sheets of adoptables, it might be a good idea to start a new account. This way you won't spam your watchers' inbox, if they're not interested in adoptables, and you can organize your gallery in a better way.

:bulletgreen: Be a member of Adoptables Groups
dA is a big community and the sheer amount of new deviations every day makes it hard for your art to be seen. Considering that you just made a new account for your adoptables, you have basically no watchers whatsoever so how can you get the exposure you need to sell your characters? The answer is join Adoptables Groups. By doing this you can do two things, the first is submit your adoptables to their gallery and advertise them, the second is observing the trends, what people like to draw and buy more.

Make Adoptables
Adoptables Tutorial

Pricing
It is always hard to decide how to price your own adoptables and there are no guidelines for this. There are, however, two lines of thought on this:

:bulletgreen: Timer Pay
You decide how much you think your *time* is worth. So, if you take half an hour to make an adoptable and you think your time is worth 800pts/$10 an hour, then the adoptable is going to cost 400pts/$5. While this method is more fair to the artist (you), you should also take into account what your current drawing level is. (Remember that the buyer doesn't see the effort, only the result, and better looking characters sell for more.)

:bulletgreen: Mean Pay
Look around, take twenty or thirty adoptables that generally look like yours (drawing style, flats/CG, anthro/animal) and look at how they were priced. Then choose something in the middle. This is a method that follows the general pricing, so it will be easier to sell your characters if you price them like this, but it also disregards any effort you might have put in the making of your adoptable.

The Secrets: Patience and Exposure

:bulletgreen: Exposure
dA is a big community, among the many artists who are looking for a character to adopt there is certainly one that would adopt yours, but you can't expect them to come knocking at your door, begging you to sell them your character. You need to advertise your adoptables, submit them to many Adoptables Groups, maybe add a link in your signature to your Adoptables Account. Why do you think the big companies spend so much money on advertising?

:bulletgreen: Patience
In the end, Adoptables Selling comes down to this and only this. Patience and staying strong on your own rules.
I'm usually sympathetic when people want to buy my adoptables and tell me that they can't afford them because their adoptables *don't sell*, but I become a bit annoyed when I go to their page and see that their 20 points adoptables are all sold through trades and drawptions.

Selling adoptables can be hard and it may take a lot of time, even months, you can't simply give up after a few days! If you are not concerned about the points/money, then write in the rules that you're open for trades too, but don't write that it's *points!only* and then give adoptables out to the first person who begs you with a pretty please. Doing this is pretty dangerous for a seller because you show your customers that, with enough begging, you will yield to their requests because you have done so before. And an artist who has adopted from you through a trade, will ask you *again* if they see something else that they like.

(If you are unable to refuse them, then offer them a trade for a *new* design, like an art trade. This way you still have your adoptable to sell and you've made the other person happy.)

Adoptables Journals Series:
Adoptables, Basics for Adopters
Adoptables, Basics for Adoptables Artists
Adoptables Tutorial
Adoptables, Writing an Artist's Description
Adoptables, Customs
Adoptables, Design Tutorial
Adoptables, Buying Adoptables
Adoptables, Pricing
Original Species Tutorial
Adoptables, Auctions
Adoptables, Original Species Confusion
Adoptables, I sold one, now what?
Add a Comment:
 
:iconmol17082:
mol17082 Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Sorry if this is answered in other Journals but how do you know if someone has used your adoptable without paying? Do you have to send them the pic or what?? It seems quite confusing that someone buys your character to use for...whatever. Can't anyone just save the image then use it for themselves? I am new to actually looking into groups on Deviantart, I want to create a new account for adoptables but I don't understand how you can be certain that someone isn't using your adoptable without paying  :/
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2015
Well, if someone hasn't paid for your adoptable and is just using them of course you don't have to send them anything. You just have to explain to them that adoptables are designs that are being sold, so they're not allowed to use them for free. (This does NOT include the concept of bonus art, where people draw the design you made with no intention of using it, they simply like the design and want to draw it. It's called bonus art because the person who will purchase your adoptable already has a 'fanart' of sort.)

I recently had an episode of this, where a deviant had drawn their character with one of my sold fashion designs. The situation was quiclky solved when I explained the concept of adoptables and that that outfit required permission to be used. She was very understanding and took down the pic. This is the easiest way it can go. A person doesn't know how adopts work or simply saved the image because they liked it and after a while forgot if it was for sale or not and used it. Most of these situations can be easily solved by talking it out.

The second situation is someone who doesn't know/care it's an adoptable, likes the art and thinks it fits his own idea of a character pretty well, so they pick that art as a 'reference' of sort for RPs and other things like that. They're not taking the whole character, just the art. These people can be reasoned as well, when you explain them that that character has a purpose and a story and nope, you can't use them as your portrait/reference.

The third case is when someone specifically wants the whole character to be theirs, so they pick the art and create a backstory and draw it as if they paid for it. This is harder to deal with because often there's their art involved and they think that, since I've drawn it, it's theirs and it should stay up. Well, the art IS theirs, but the character is not, so that' what makes it difficult to settle the problem. These situations often ends with discussions that go on for hundreds of posts, and possibly cursing is involved.

For the matter of 'how do you know'... Maybe you'll never know. Unless you TiniEye every one of your adopts because you're overly paranoid (and maybe not even then), you may never know if something like this happened to you. Usually it's someone who has seen your art and has seen the other art. Artists online have been more careful with writing down in descriptions what can or can't be done with adoptables, and since they're become a known phenomenon, people know what looks 'odd' for an adoptable design and will often go and ask people about the character origins.
Reply
:iconmol17082:
mol17082 Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the information! I have started drawing some line art and stuff today which I hope is original but I will have to wait and see. I have read your journal entries and I now understand more, thank you for clearing up about the 'How you know' part because I didn't really get the concept of it. You are so much help, thanks!Hug 
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:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:icon7thdeath:
7thDeath Featured By Owner Mar 31, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you very much for this guide!
I was interested to know more about this topic. :>
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 31, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconbat-boy101:
Bat-Boy101 Featured By Owner Mar 29, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Very helpful thankyou, but a question, do adoptable's require color? cause I'm truthfully not a colorer considering I do everything by hand :/ 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2015
Well, colour makes half of the character, after all... True, you could make Pay-to-Use linearts, but considering the buyer needs to colour it, you cannot ask for the price you would for a coloured design. You could sell just a monochrome design and then let people decide the colour, but I haven't seen a lot of these kind of adopts.

Plus, if you're planning to make the same kind of creature in different poses, you sell a monochrome to someone and then tell them what? Not to copy the design of the previous buyer? What happens when you've sold 10 of this kind of adopts, the adopter needs to browse ten different galleries and try not to copy their colour design?
Reply
:iconbat-boy101:
Bat-Boy101 Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hmm, yeah true, excellent point you got there, I suppose it'd just be easier to color ,or at least learn/ try to :P
thanks for answering by the way :)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2015
You're welcome and good luck. ;)
Reply
:iconbat-boy101:
Bat-Boy101 Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
haha Thank you, I'm gonna need it :P
Reply
:iconp0mffp0mff:
p0mffp0mff Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2015  New member
this helped so much! ty for making this <3
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:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2015
You're very welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconradlavvy:
RadLavvy Featured By Owner Feb 27, 2015  New member Student Digital Artist
Thank you so much for this. I'm working on building my own adoptables page and gallery so every bit of advice helps!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 28, 2015
You're very welcome, and good luck. ;)
Reply
:iconradlavvy:
RadLavvy Featured By Owner Feb 28, 2015  New member Student Digital Artist
Thanks ^-^ 
Reply
:iconrufftard:
Rufftard Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm peeved that my adoptables are at a extremely cheap price but won't sell, Ive joined some adoptable groups too but it seems no one will notice them! Is there another way to get them to see my adopts??
my adopts account is BananaSnakes
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2015
Try sumbitting them to some more group and have patience. Plus, making more batches helps, when people see a design they like, they tend to browse through the artist's gallery and if you have a series of adopts they can choose from it's better.

(This is a personal peeve of mine, but do not write comments on your own adopts about how you 'suck at designs'. Everyone can improve, so dragging yourself down serves no purpose. Also, it gives the feeling that you want people to come to you and say 'no, it's not true, I love them', so a form of attention seeking or confirmation of approval that you're doing something right. Instead of doing this, try asking people for critiques, it will get you some tips on how to better yourself and what is it that people look for in adopts, so you can create designs that are more likely to sell.)
Reply
:iconmocha-monogatari:
Mocha-Monogatari Featured By Owner Dec 27, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Do you HAVE to price the adoptables with money/points? Can I ask for a piece of art in return for the adoptable? (Cause I'm not really interested in getting money for them...)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Dec 27, 2014
No, you don't, you can ask for other designs, trades, commissions or whatever you want. ;)
Reply
:iconmocha-monogatari:
Mocha-Monogatari Featured By Owner Dec 27, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
OK! Thank you! :D
Reply
:iconlockstockcreation:
LockStockCreation Featured By Owner Nov 9, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Iv pretty much understood what needs to be done but I'm just confused on how the paying works, do they send points? how do i turn those points into money?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 10, 2014
You can choose the currency you want to be paid in, if points or money (and money currency). If you want to ask for points and then converst them to money, you need to ask the buyer to use a Purchase Button you'll need to set on a deviation (not necessarily the one with the adoptable you're selling but usually that one). I wrote a Journal about it but it's a bit old: The Purchase Button and P2U DeviationsI'm so trying to avoid thinking about graduation, so I thought to explain this a little better.
What are P2U Deviations?
They're deviations that ask you for a points' price to download their content, hence the 'Purchase' Button. Many of them are downloadable bases, but some are high resolution, unwatermarked versions of the previews everybody can see and favourite. In other cases, it's simply a way to pay for an adoptable or to purchase a custom, it really depends on what the deviation's owner wants to do.
Example of a P2U Base:

Can everybody use the P2U option?
Not currently. Right now it's available to Beta Testers only. This means you need a Premium Membership (paid account) and an active Beta Testing option (free). The dA staff has however said that this feature will be available to everyone and not just to Premium Users. This means that people just need to wait until all the bugs have been worked out and the Platform is released to the public. No, I

Because now there's also the Commission Widget that you can set up if you want people to pay for adoptables there, and it works the same way as a Purchase Button. I advise you to go to dA's FAQ/ToS and read there too, you'll probably find something more up to date. ;)
Reply
:iconjamirez:
Jamirez Featured By Owner Nov 2, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm not too focused on adoptables, but this was extremely helpful and informative. I can't wait to read the rest of these journals to improve selling my adopts. :la:
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 2, 2014
Happy you found them useful. ;)
Reply
:iconartemis-adopties:
Artemis-adopties Featured By Owner Edited Oct 6, 2014  Student General Artist
I've pretty much established what adoptables are, but there's a sub category of them that still confuses me: hatchables. I've searched and searched for info about them, and while loads of people seem to do hatchables no one really explain how it works. I get that the principle is about the same, but how exactly do hatchables work? How do you hatch the eggs? Do people just adopt the egg and create their own design of the character based on how the egg looks, or does the hatchable creator draw the hatched character's design later? And if it's the latter, why not just draw a regular character to begin with instead of a hatchable?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014
There are four main kind of hatchables:
- Complete Surprise
- Mostly Custom, Nearly Commission
- Pick a Base
- It's Already Done, but You Didn't Hear it from Me

They all start with an egg, and the only differenct is how much influence you have on the final design and how much of the design you can guess without buying the egg.

Complete Surprise = The design is already done, but the artist doesn't give you any clue on what it is. The only thing you can know is the palette, because usually eggs are done with the hidden design's palette.

Mostly Custom, Nearly Commission = Rare kind, this one. You know the palette, but the artist lets you choose sex/race/extra. So it's basically a mini-commission on a pre-set palette.

Pick a Base = The most common. The artist gives you the palette and gives you a choice on the lineart/base you want, among a couple the artist has.

It's Already Done, but You Didn't Hear it from Me = The artist gives you the palette and tells you on which base he's going to do the design. Most likely the design is already done.

Most of the eggs on dA are auto-hatchable, so they 'hatch' when the egg is bought, without other actions needed. Others require actions, the nature of such must be decided by the egg artist. Who usually writes them down in the description and makes sure the buyer has read everything before selling them the egg.

And the reason why people like eggs... It's mostly about the surprise. ;)
Reply
:iconartemis-adopties:
Artemis-adopties Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014  Student General Artist
Wow, wasn't expecting a reply this quickly, haha. Well, now that I'm more informed it's time to add hatchables to the list of adopts I make~

Thanks so much for the info!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014
I was online, no sense in waiting. ;)
(And I'm procrastinating studying...)

You're welcome and good luck. :D
Reply
:iconartemis-adopties:
Artemis-adopties Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014  Student General Artist
Don't feel bad, I've been procrastinating studying the whole day- //shot

Anyway, since we're on the topic of adopts, can I ask you something? You seem pretty experienced with adopts, and I recently made an original species... it hasn't gathered much interest so far though and I think I might need on a second opinion on this OS, would you mind looking at it and telling me what you think? If you want to, that is ;w;
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014
Haha, I feel like an old coot now. :D
ù
But no, seriously, I'd be happy to help you out, though you need to realize that with everyone and their grannies doing adopts and throwing themselves in the OS business (they were 'original' about two or three years ago, but now they're all that seems to be out there), it's hard to shine, unless you can count on a great drawing style or an already big pool of watchers.
Reply
:iconartemis-adopties:
Artemis-adopties Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014  Student General Artist
Yup, I'm aware. I actually made this OS for fun and not to get popular or anything, but it's a little disheartening all the same if no one seems to take any interest in it. I was thinking of doing adoptables based off this OS, but it they're not getting any attention I guess I'll have to scrape the idea...

I put all the info in here :ateliercrystal.deviantart.com/…

It might be a tad lengthy, but I hope you can have a read through it and tell me your thoughts on it ^-^
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2014
The species is well structured, though you should know that with kemonomimis OS you're walking a thin line between OS and simply 'fancy kemonomimi design'.  I admit I just skimmed over it because I noticed some other things that might be the cause of your 'my OS hasn't gathered much interest'.

And they are all tied to the same problem. You have a week old account, with four submissions, which are submitted to a limited amount of groups. Basically, very few people know about you and your adopts, your previous adopts are clothes (so not even in the 'creature' part of the adopts community) and you have yet to post a batch of your OS. I'm sorry if I seem a bit harsh here, but it's the job of the artist to go out and advertise their art and adopts, and with such a young and 'shy' account, you cannot expect much feedback over your OS.

So the problem is not the interest of people, is that not many people know about them. Keep in mind that I have many watchers but barely 1% of them actually go out of their way to offer me insightful critique over an OS.

So my suggstion to you is to make some adopts of your OS (which is good practice anyway) and sumbit them to more groups. Not only OS adopts and designs, but also to more 'general' adopts groups since many of them have a folder for original species. ;)
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconloonaismenow:
loonaismenow Featured By Owner Sep 28, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
how do the people give you the pionts?
i'm trying to sell some adoptables but i don't know what to do when a person wants one can u help?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Sep 28, 2014
On your mainpage there's a button on the side that says 'give'. You click on that and you get some options and among them there are 'points'. Either that or set up a donation pool for points or a Purchase Button.
Reply
:iconlupulrafinat:
LupulRafinat Featured By Owner Edited Aug 23, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Q: What do you mean by "submit your adoptables to their gallery and advertise them"? After I join to an adoptable group do I need to do something else?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 24, 2014
Yup, submit your adoptable in their gallery. After you join, one of the icons on the groups front page becomes 'Submit a deviation' (I think? Or it's 'contribute to gallery'... Anyway, the brown icon.), you click on that and sumbit to the gallery folder that fits your adoptable.
Reply
:iconlupulrafinat:
LupulRafinat Featured By Owner Aug 24, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Awwww thanks you so much! I didn't know that, i just joined to adoptables groups XD THANKS YOU!
Reply
:iconpcat007:
Pcat007 Featured By Owner Aug 21, 2014
I just wonder if I don't check on the "notify your watchers" box when I submit the Adoptables, so the watcher won't be spammed, right?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 21, 2014
I'm not sure that option is allowed for the first time you submit a pic... I know that, when you update/edit your deviation you can check the option to re-send the pic to your watchers, but the point of a watcher is to watch what you submit so why should dA allow you not to notify your watchers about a new deviation? It doesn't really make sense.
Reply
:iconpcat007:
Pcat007 Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2014
Yay, you're right! That's what I'm considering as well. Thanks for your tutorial! :D Making a new account seems a good decision :)
Reply
:iconpuddincakes:
Puddincakes Featured By Owner Aug 20, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
When uploading the pictures, what should you categorize them as?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 21, 2014
There's the Adoprables category, it's under 'devious fun'. :)
Reply
:iconpuddincakes:
Puddincakes Featured By Owner Aug 21, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
ah! thank you : ) time to go move some stuff around :P
Reply
:iconxrefineddemon:
xRefinedDemon Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
Question: Can i make some adoptables and if some1 buy one of them and another person like the same adoptable, can i sell the exact same adoptable to 2 or more people? Like multi-buying adoption? And if some1 wants the design only for himself, then have to pay more to have the single design? Is that a bad strategy? Sorry for my bad spelling and hope you understand what i wanted to ask! I just want to start to make an adoptable account :icondragonkekeplz:
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
The thing you talk about is co-ownership, it means that two people put together their money to get the character. But that's something that you can allow but it's up to the buyers to decide. So you can't sell the same character to two people, if they don't want to co-own. Also, the price in co-ownership is halved for the parties, not doubled for you.

It's not a common thing, though.
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:iconxrefineddemon:
xRefinedDemon Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
I wasn't talking about that kind of thing when 2 buyers make half-half and adopt something. I was asking if i can make an adoptable cat ( for example ) and put on a low price ( 10 points for example ) and anyone who want to get the unwatermarked cat have to buy it. By that i mean anyone, even 10 buyers can get the same cat. Is that possible?
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:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
That's not possible, sorry. The concept of an adoptable is that there is one character like that, so the owner can have something 'unique'. If you sell the same character to 10 different people, what's differentiating the characters? And most importantly, who would pay to have the same character as someone else?

Just think about what would happen if one of the ten owners wanted to commission porn of their character. The other owners would have a character who looks the same as theirs doing something they don't want and they can do nothing about it. I have used an extreme example, but it's to make you understand the problems of having the same design out to multiple people.
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:iconxrefineddemon:
xRefinedDemon Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
Ah, ok thanks ^^
Reply
:iconmikichihiro:
mikichihiro Featured By Owner Aug 9, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
hello~ :) im kinda new to this things, my question is if you successfully sell your adoptable to a person do you give them the file or whole file
(like psd. file that you worked on) or not? :O
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