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Since I've been asked these questions a lot, I thought to write some journals about it. This is from an Adopter's point of view.

What are adoptables?
Adoptables are "characters" that you can purchase for your personal use. They can be animals, humans, objects... Anything and everything can be turned into an adoptable.


What exactly *is* it that I'm adopting?
You're adopting the *character* itself, not the design, not the art, just the character.
Take this adoptable:
DESIGNHaven MASCOT by Karijn-s-Basement
Art = The drawing itself = Right remains to the artist
Original Species = The lines = Right remains to the artist, unless the species is for adoption too (Not valid in case of existing species such as wolves, cats, etc....)
Design = Black coat/Golden wings/Pattern on Tail = Right remains to the artist
Character = (Original Species + Design) = This is yours

You are basically adopting the right to use the character as a whole, species + design/pattern. Usually, artists are able to do a lot of different designs so it is unlikely that that *exact* design will be recycled with another species. Orange fur with black stripes on a dog can be used again on a horse, but they are still different *characters*.


Why should I adopt one?
There are lots of reasons to adopt a character. Because you want a fursona, because you want a pet for your OC, because you like the way they look... Anyone has a different motivation for wanting an adoptable.


Where do I find them?
You can either browse dA by searching for 'adoptables' or you can go to an adoptables group. There are a lot of groups, so you might want to look at more than just one, to increase your chances to find the perfect character for you.


How do I adopt an adoptable?
First of all, you need to know that almost all adoptables have a 'first come, first serve' rule. Meaning that the first one to offer the artist what they ask, becomes the owner.
This being said, there are four main ways to purchase an adoptable:

:bulletgreen: For Free
Since they're free and you get them with little effort but be there at the right moment and place, they're the first to go. Your best bet in getting one of this kind is by watching the artist who does them.

:bulletgreen: Draw to Adopt
a) With reservation = You were the first to ask for the adoptable, so you only need to submit a drawing of the adoptable and you're done
b) Without reservation = It's like a small contest, everyone submits their drawing and the artist chooses the one they like best

:bulletgreen: Trade
You'll be asked to draw something (one of the artist's OCs or a design of your own) in exchange for the adoptable.

:bulletgreen: For Points/Cash
Not much to say here, points are dA's currency and cash is real money. There's usually a time limit to send the payment to the artist.

And always, always remember to read the artist comments and follow their rules. You might find that some are more lenient than others and will bend the rules a bit, others stick to what they have written and there's no way to change their mind. To avoid upsetting the artist and creating useless drama, please read the rules. Asking never hurts, but if they've clearly stated that what you want is *not* going to happen, please don't push.

Adoptables Journals Series:
Adoptables, Basics for Adopters
Adoptables, Basics for Adoptables Artists
Adoptables Tutorial
Adoptables, Writing an Artist's Description
Adoptables, Customs
Adoptables, Design Tutorial
Adoptables, Buying Adoptables
Adoptables, Pricing
Original Species Tutorial
Adoptables, Auctions
Adoptables, Original Species Confusion
Adoptables, I sold one, now what?
Add a Comment:
 
:iconrokatsu:
Rokatsu Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
For the longest time I had trouble learning about these things but I'd see them everywhere! Thank you! 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconkohushi:
kohushi Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2015
I'm really dumb, so forgive me.

It's o.k. to draw a "fanart" of my own character? (I mean: I sold a character. Can I draw it someday in my gallery?)
And another question: I saw some people selling two identical characters, with different palettes/clothes (like skins). Is this alright?

Could I make different versions of a same chatacter to sell/adopt?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
Yes, you can, as would everyone else. If you're planning to have the character interact with one of yours and you're not in friendly terms with the new owner, better ask first. ('Friendly terms' means that you have chatted with them with more than the two comments needed to sell the character.)

And if the palette and clothes are different, they're not the same character, are they? :P
Those are character made using a base, so the lines are always the same. However, you can't claim that a white horse and a black horse are the same character simply because they're both horses. Adopts with original lines are, of course, more unique, but if you're talking about an original species, the species is the same, no matter the pose you put the character in.

Example of batch:
Graph Adoptables 2 - OPEN by Karijn-s-Basement
They're the same species, but they're different characters. In this case, there's also small editing, but the main lines are the same.

So no, you cannot make different versions of the same character, but you can make different characters of the same species/kind, using the same base.
Reply
:iconkohushi:
kohushi Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
You're so lovely. This really helped me out. ヽ(☆◡☆)ノ
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
Thank you, I'm happy you think so. :)
Reply
:iconlunarcat42:
Lunarcat42 Featured By Owner Mar 10, 2015
I have a question!

If you're not an artist (Like me...) what else can you use adoptables for besides drawing?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2015
As a visual reference for a character, if you want to write about them, or as an 'avatar' in RPGs. Or simply because you like the character and want to have it. ^^;
Reply
:iconlunarcat42:
Lunarcat42 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2015
Oh okay! That makes sense. Thank you for replying! :)
Reply
:icontheory-of-magic:
theory-of-magic Featured By Owner Feb 18, 2015  Student General Artist
Thank you! Though I may not be adopting any time soon, i have one up, so this helps!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 18, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconhappygasproductions:
HappyGasProductions Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2014
How absurdly restrictive. Could these rules be any more aggressively in favor of the artist? Why would I pay money for a single member of a species if I'm not allowed to elaborate on the species?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2014
If it's an original species (so the artist has created them and made some characters available), then the original artist should have the right to ask for the species' standard to be respected, don't you think?

They create a species they like, with the features they think the species needs to be complete, they feel happy with the result, and suddely someone tells them, 'I want one of those, but only if I can add horns and wings'. You're basically telling them that what they designed is not enough to please you, but that you consider their original (and in their mind, complete) species a passable enough 'base' for you to do some editing and get a character you like.

Most artists will probably let you slightly edit the design (like, toning down the colour or taking out a spot or two) and add accessories/scars/tattoos to your character, and that's fine because it adds personality, but I don't agree with taking an OS and start editing the species standard.

Of course, aside from the odd ball, no adoptable artist will come to your page and shove their OS down your throat, so it's just a matter of live and let live. And if you have the ability to elaborate on a design, then you can also try working out a design from scratch on your own, something uniquely yours that you'll feel proud of.
Reply
:iconhappygasproductions:
HappyGasProductions Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2014
okaaaay, I understand, but I just don't get why anyone would rather use someone else's thing rather than make their own?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2014
Some people find it difficult to come up with designs as peculiar as they'd like them to be, so when they see one they like enough, they adopt it. Some other people simply like to collect designs because they're pretty. Everyone has their own reason to buy another person's design, I occasionally do too, when I see a design that gets me inspired.
Reply
:iconpepsiponeh:
Pepsiponeh Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks! So once we adopt them, can we draw them? I just adopted a cakie and I just wanted to know.
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2014
Of course you can draw them. ;)
(Actually, you can draw any adopt you want, as long as you ask permission to the owner and give credit... A kind of gift art, if you'd like. ;))
Reply
:iconcomandersprings:
ComanderSprings Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014
Thank you very much! I'm thinking about selling adoptables and this will be very useful to me. :)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconallstarblast:
allstarblast Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2014
if someone sold something to you then wanted it back... do you have the right to say no?
Reply
:iconrandomcatswag:
RandomCatSwag Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
You do because after they have given away the adopt to you it is rightfully yours.
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2014
This has never happened to me... Mostly because those who sell adopts do it so because of the money/points, so there's no point in asking for the adopt back. If you have already pid for your adopt, then I guess you can tell them no, that you paid for it so it is yours (or if they really want it back they need to give you a full refund). If you still haven't paid and they decide not to give it to you... Nothing you can do there, I'm afraid. :/
Reply
:icondear-raven:
Dear-Raven Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2014
Hey there, 

I'm just a bit confuse... so if I make an adoptable and sell it. What should I give the customer? My PSD File? Or just the png I had up for preview? And umm.. what's breeding an adoptable? I'm sorry if I sound too dumb! 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2014
The answer to your first question is in the Journal 'Adoptables, I sold one, now what?', check the links on the bottom of this Journal here.
Breeding is basically that, you take two adoptables and 'mate' them, creating a batch of adoptables of the same species and with a colour design that mixes those of the parents'. In case of Original Species this is not always allowed because purchasers could mate their OS and create a new character of that OS bypassing the original artist and that's something the original artist might not want. :)
Reply
:iconarse-peach:
Arse-Peach Featured By Owner Sep 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
how do OTA adoptables work? :?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Sep 3, 2014
Similarly to Auction adopts, you can read about them in the 'Adoptables, Auction' Journal. ;)
Reply
:iconarse-peach:
Arse-Peach Featured By Owner Sep 4, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
i still didn't get it.^^;
i'm very sorry but can you explain to me please? ;w;
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Sep 5, 2014
Basically the artist tells all buyers 'offer what you want, I'm interested in ...' and people make their offers and then the artist picks. It's not necessarily always money, most often is a mix of money/points and art, or even a custom of a species the artist likes. They're a bit messy.
Reply
:iconarse-peach:
Arse-Peach Featured By Owner Sep 5, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
ahhh i see :0
that does sound messy tho :/
Reply
:iconmiss-rubyred:
Miss-RubyRed Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You haven't made this very clear... How do I give them the adoptable!!!????
Reply
:icontruucey:
Truucey Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Who made your icon? I've seen a bunch that look similar and I wanna know the artist behind it
Reply
:iconmiss-rubyred:
Miss-RubyRed Featured By Owner Feb 8, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
It's on my deviant ID :)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014
This is the Journal for you: karijn-s-basement.deviantart.c…
Reply
:iconmiss-rubyred:
Miss-RubyRed Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I have already read it.:baffled: 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2014
By using sta.sh or sending the file by mail.
Reply
:iconmiss-rubyred:
Miss-RubyRed Featured By Owner Aug 9, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
oh thanks!! I forgot I commented on that :)
Reply
:iconthamifsampaio:
thamifsampaio Featured By Owner Jun 29, 2014  Student General Artist
May I ask you something that for me still not clear?

For example, let's say that I've bought an adoptable.
I will receive just the right to use it?
Another example to help (or not), If I've done a adoptable, I should give something like a .psd archive or something for the "new owner" to download?

I may look like a completely dumb, but, I just don't know it! :iconrikerplz: 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 30, 2014
The answer to your first question is yes, you buy just the right to use the adoptable, but you're also the only one that can say that that character is yours. For example, you can do a fanart of Naruto Uzumaki if you want, but he's not your character. Well, this one is.

For the other question the answer is, not necessarily. I give out unwatermarked files only of some of my adopts and absolutely never of my .pds files. It's your choice, as the adoptable maker, to decide if you want to give files out other than the one you posted. Simply write in the description if you do/don't give out bigger or unwatermarked files and that's it.

(Why is that that giving out .psd files is dangerous? It's because a .pds file is basically a template to the drawing, and anyone with it and a layer supporting program can replicate the drawing with other colours. You've just given out a base instead of an adoptable. You can sell bases too, don't let me stop you, just be aware of what you're doing. ;))
Reply
:iconthamifsampaio:
thamifsampaio Featured By Owner Jul 1, 2014  Student General Artist
Thank you very much! Bro hug 
now everything it's clear for me! Meow :3 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2014
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconchococheeb:
chococheeb Featured By Owner Jun 24, 2014
ooh this seems like a fun idea
although i feel like my adopts won't get much attention because i'm like a shadow on dA right now :c
do you have any tips to get noticed on dA? i wanna try out this adoptables idea C:
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 26, 2014
Try submitting them to some Adoptables Groups. ;)
Reply
:iconliettore:
Liettore Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I used to do adoptables. But I quit when they were getting way more attention than my art. However, this is very useful, should I decide to continue with adopts. Thanks!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2014
That's why I made another account for adoptables (this is not my main account). However, with time I saw that I couldn't keep both alive and the adopts one won out. ^^;

Though I still post some personal art stuff here, so it's fine. :D
Reply
:iconilightingcat:
ILightingCat Featured By Owner Jun 14, 2014
Thanks for do this! Now im thinking abilities for my Adoptables. Like the Puffles of club penguin lol
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 15, 2014
I'm happy you found it useful. ;)
Reply
:iconcrazcat:
crazcat Featured By Owner Mar 25, 2014  Professional Digital Artist
Well. I guess while I was away from DA for awhile this became a thing I do random deviant and like 50% of illustrators have made this like... their thing. I... find it utterly stupid but thanks for the explanation anyways.
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2014
They have become popular, yes, but most people (the more popular artists, usually) do a couple adopts if they need money and that's it. Everyone is entitled to their opinion in any case. =)
Reply
:iconstillsilenced:
StillSilenced Featured By Owner Mar 25, 2014  Student General Artist
(I agree..)
Reply
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