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Since I've been asked these questions a lot, I thought to write some journals about it. This is from an Adopter's point of view.

What are adoptables?
Adoptables are "characters" that you can purchase for your personal use. They can be animals, humans, objects... Anything and everything can be turned into an adoptable.


What exactly *is* it that I'm adopting?
You're adopting the *character* itself, not the design, not the art, just the character.
Take this adoptable:
DESIGNHaven MASCOT by Karijn-s-Basement
Art = The drawing itself = Right remains to the artist
Original Species = The lines = Right remains to the artist, unless the species is for adoption too (Not valid in case of existing species such as wolves, cats, etc....)
Design = Black coat/Golden wings/Pattern on Tail = Right remains to the artist
Character = (Original Species + Design) = This is yours

You are basically adopting the right to use the character as a whole, species + design/pattern. Usually, artists are able to do a lot of different designs so it is unlikely that that *exact* design will be recycled with another species. Orange fur with black stripes on a dog can be used again on a horse, but they are still different *characters*.


Why should I adopt one?
There are lots of reasons to adopt a character. Because you want a fursona, because you want a pet for your OC, because you like the way they look... Anyone has a different motivation for wanting an adoptable, plus it supports starving artists so that's always a plus.


Where do I find them?
You can either browse dA by searching for 'adoptables' or you can go to an adoptables group. There are a lot of groups, so you might want to look at more than just one, to increase your chances to find the perfect character for you.


How do I adopt an adoptable?
First of all, you need to know that almost all adoptables have a 'first come, first serve' rule. Meaning that the first one to offer the artist what they ask, becomes the owner.
This being said, there are four main ways to purchase an adoptable:

:bulletgreen: For Free
Since they're free and you get them with little effort but be there at the right moment and place, they're the first to go. Your best bet in getting one of this kind is by watching the artist who does them.

:bulletgreen: Draw to Adopt
a) With reservation = You were the first to ask for the adoptable, so you only need to submit a drawing of the adoptable and you're done
b) Without reservation = It's like a small contest, everyone submits their drawing and the artist chooses the one they like best

:bulletgreen: Trade
You'll be asked to draw something (one of the artist's OCs or a design of your own) in exchange for the adoptable.

:bulletgreen: For Points/Cash
Not much to say here, points are dA's currency and cash is real money. There's usually a time limit to send the payment to the artist.

And always, always remember to read the artist comments and follow their rules. You might find that some are more lenient than others and will bend the rules a bit, others stick to what they have written and there's no way to change their mind. To avoid upsetting the artist and creating useless drama, please read the rules. Asking never hurts, but if they've clearly stated that what you want is *not* going to happen, please don't push.

ADOPTABLES BASIC TYPES AND GLOSSARY
PRE-SET
: Your everyday kind of adoptable, a complete design with no possibility of editing.
CUSTOM: A character you order from an adoptable artist. Usually colour design and accessories are fully customizable/editable but the base can be the same.
DTA: Draw-to-adopt, a way of adoption where you need to draw the character to try and get it, often works just like a normal art contest with one winner and one prize.
OTA: Offer-to-Adopt, a way of adoption where you offer what you want, not necessarily just money/points, but it's usually the artist that puts up a list of what they'll accept as payment.
RAFFLE: A way of adoption where you follow the rules ('fave the adoptable', 'comment and say this-or-that'...) and then the winner is chosen with a random number generator.
F2U
: Free-to-Use, used about bases, means that the base can be downloaded and used for free. Please read the description to check if making adoptables with it is allowed.
P2U: Pay-to-Use, used about bases, means that the base can be downloaded and used for a price set by the artist. You have to pay only once that fee and then are free to use the base as many times as you want. Please read the description to check if making adoptables with it is allowed.
MYO: Make-your-Own, means that you can create your own character of that species/breed. MYOs are usually obtained by paying for one or through contests, where you design the MYO and can keep the design if you are picked as a winner.
UFT: Up-for-Trade, when an artist is thinking of trading their character in exchange for another. Read the description to find out if the trade is open only for some specific species.
LF/LFO: Looking-For and Looking-for-Offers. The first is basically a call out to find some species/characters, the second one is asking for people interested in your characters (LFO is usually an OTA of the artist's own characters instead of simple adoptables).
CYOP: Choose-your-own-palette, they're very similar to customs, though the lineart is set and cannot be edited, and you can decide the colours and which colour goes where.
YCH: Your-character-here, basically a commission/custom with a pre-set pose. There is a mannequin, either alone or with another mannequin, in a pre-set pose, which is not editable, and you can ask for your character to be placed there.

Adoptables Journals Series:
Adoptables, Basics for Adopters
Adoptables, Basics for Adoptables Artists
Adoptables Tutorial
Adoptables, Writing an Artist's Description
Adoptables, Customs
Adoptables, Design Tutorial
Adoptables, Buying Adoptables
Adoptables, Pricing
Original Species Tutorial
Adoptables, Auctions
Adoptables, Original Species Confusion
Adoptables, I sold one, now what?
Adoptables, Doing It Traditional
Add a Comment:
 
:iconkilachu:
kilachu Featured By Owner 4 days ago  New Deviant Hobbyist General Artist
this is very helpful! thanks a lot!! <33
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner 4 days ago
You're very welcome. :)
Reply
:iconviokcha:
Viokcha Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks a lot for all those journals :) I will definitely spend my afternoon reading them! (do not thank me for the faves, I am thanking you for your precious time on these guidelines)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2016
Haha, go ahead and enjoy, some of them are a bit (quite actually) old, but every now and then I check them again and so far they're still acceptable, information wise. :D
Reply
:iconviokcha:
Viokcha Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Well then, you just certified me your guidelines are still accurate! I will definitely enjoy them ;)
Reply
:iconkeric22:
keric22 Featured By Owner Edited Mar 12, 2016
I, too, have a question about these adoptables. See, here is what I understand: People pay valuable amounts of money, for a two-dimensional, completely fictitious character, in which they are then claimed from the artist. Here is another question. Why do people have such a lack of basic common thought process and intelligence, that completely fictional, DIGITAL drawings are being "auctioned off"? What worth or value is there in "adopting" a completely fictitious character that has no value or precedence outside of its origin point, or outside of the internet at all?

I get that commissions for an artist are a thing. I get that commissions or even raffles for artists to draw someone's character is also a thing. What I don't get is how you auction off a grand total of what equates to a few hundred kilobytes, if not a megabyte or data, where its physical worth is less than the amount of materials and atoms that we have managed to fuse and create thanks to the Hadron Collider? Auctioning off something in real life makes sense, because it has a physical presence. On the Internet, digital products and pieces are just copied and pasted. So where do you get this logic of yours that essentially equates that "We can make other people pay for something that they themselves can obtain on their own,"? And if they can't obtain a piece of art or writing of said "something", they can also imagine it, so are you attempting to get people to pay for creativity as well as pay for something that they can accomplish on their own with enough time, studies and devotion?

Additionally, let me add this to the table of questions I have, out of sheer curiosity (and possible desire to commit sudoku. karijn-s-basement.deviantart.c…

Here, you have mentioned that under the rules, there is no breeding. What in the everliving Christ is breeding? No, no. I know EXACTLY what breeding is. How the hell do you breed an online, digital piece of data that has no form of intelligence, sentience, or even "life" for that matter? What the hell is breeding under this context? Is it copying and pasting? If that is the case, why can't you just say, "No copying and pasting, or reposting this online (without including credit (of any sort))"?

This all seems like a terrible joke. But with the rush of "Modern" Feminism and Social Justice Warriors running around in this day and age, and with the generally declining levels of intelligence present here on Earth, I'm starting to think that this isn't all a big joke. Because breeding a pair of dogs is possible, but breeding a singular (SINGULAR) piece of extraneous, fictitious, non-interactable ELECTRONIC DATA makes absolutely no sense to me whatsoever. Don't forget that it's two-dimensional, and we, as three-dimensional existing and interpreting Human beings, physically cannot interact with this concept or piece of non-interactive data whatsoever in any physical shape or form, apart from our strong, burlesque desires to indulge ourselves in that which, when you turn the power button off on your computer and/or mobile device, ceases to exist and also has no meaning in the grand scheme of existence whatsoever, even considerably LESS so than the insignificantly small brush of known life in the universe that is colloquially known as Humanity.

So is this a joke or not, and where can I dA-branded Sheeple™ costume so I can participate in this fun, glorious activity of purchasing "characters" known as "adoptables" in the online world of the Internet? Additionally, if I charge an artist enough money (lets say that they want twenty U.S. dollars for a character and I am willing to pay them one thousand U.S. dollars instead), can I effectively peer pressure them into indulging me by not only drawing my character, but also including a standardized list of general dA-approved™ fetishes as well? I can imagine that the Furry (and MyLittlePony) communities (not as a whole, just separate "larges") in general also delights in appeasing themselves with the act of "adopting a character", given that they are willing to put their morality, shame and seams on the line by partaking in the joyous act of purchasing Fursuits, of which I know go for several hundred dollars (possibly even more to the right, prospective enthusiast)? Additionally, can I also commission an- oops, I meant "adopt." Can I also adopt a character based on a real life figure, such as Bonita Starkeesaiyan, Donald Trump and Samwise Gamgee? Lastly, I have one last-last question. These characters (also known as "adoptables") are created to be sold. Does this implicate that this act of adopting a character could also be interpreted as slave trading? Even worse over, what if the character I have inherited or adopted has also had their rights pushed and violated by no-good offenders and violators under which several rules pertaining to the character and/or adoptable have been violated, shamed, patronized and/or raped? This is a serious concern to me, considering how much I have written and how genuinely concerned I am for the possible characters I am seeking to adopt? What if they were offended verbally or physically by a male and the character is a female? I do not want them to be triggered by such vehement, ill-mannered acts. What if the adoptable is a male? I, too, still would not want to see their personal rights violated by others. What if the adoptable has no gender, or multiple genders as well as multiple sexualities? I would hold great disdain toward anyone who would dare copy and paste them because they, too, lack the creative ability to come up with a character in their own head instead of donning a dA-branded Sheeple™ costume so that they, too, can also purchase an adoptable character.

P.S. I an genuinely concerned about my #AdoptableRights so please do not misconstrue this message as an attempt at besmirching the respectable, trustworthy and heartfelt community that surrounds the Online world of adopting a character.

P.P.S. Here is an image of a character that I have thought of. Note that I thought of it, so unless I give it away to someone else under the pretense of adoption or inheriting, that this is my adoptable. Hopefully it will help relate itself to my questions about adopting an adoptable. i.imgur.com/gQKt9Ul.png
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2016
Haha, you're hilarious and I really commend you for the lenghts you went through to make this comment believable enough to be read at least halfway without making me question you being serious about it.

(Also, sudoku is a really nice excercise in logic and not what I'd consider a form of ritual suicide but, who knows, maybe some people die if they think too much about numbers. Perhaps you should look into seppuku, I hear it's far quicker and less painful than death by math.)

In case someone reads your comment but is still interest in the possible answers to your question, I'll answer them. Though I'll pick the main question behind each paragraph since answering ever single question would take me far too much time.

What worth or value is there in "adopting" a completely fictitious character that has no value or precedence outside of its origin point, or outside of the internet at all?
The value of an object is determined by the interest a person has in it. What *I* find interesting and what another person find interesting can differ a lot. Maybe I don't care at all for a 'rare' stamp while another person might be willing to buy it for thousands of dollars. If a person has the means to pursue their interest, I see no reason to dissuade them from it. Adoptable characters may have no value for *you*, this doesn't mean other people are not allowed to buy them or have to be demeaned for their passion.

We can make other people pay for something that they themselves can obtain on their own?
Every person is different, has different ideas and different thought processes. Sometimes we see what another artist had created and say 'God, why didn't I think of it, I really like it, I want a character like that'. This doesn't mean we are not able to pick up a pencil, paper and create a character, that we lack the imagination and means to do so, but we simply admire what another artist has created and want to support them in creating more. Of course, if you want to create your own characters and not buy others' designs it's ok, nobody is forcing anyone to buy anything.

(From you comments about adoptables I am getting the idea that you're more against them being digital/intangible rather than the general idea of purchasing a character, that if they were figurines you would probably understand them better because you're buying an actual, physical thing.)

What in the everliving Christ is breeding?
When you have a male and female characters of the same species, you might be tempted to create their children. That's breeding. It's more common is RPGs with set coat patterns and gene combinations (I suggest you look into that if you want to know more, I am not very versed in that). It could also be a way around a species being closed, I have 'Adam' and 'Eve' and I can make as many characters as I want.

Can I also adopt a character based on a real life figure?
While I do approve of creating an OC inside a universe (Bleach OC, Naruto OC and so on), I prefer to avoid making adoptables based of copyrighted characters, simply because of the copyright issues that could come forward by selling them. And nobody would buy Donald Trump, though I would be immensely happy if he turned out to be as fictional as Samwise Gamgee.

And I am lolling about the rights questions, so I'll tell you just this; while you buy the visual design and a background for its species, the story and personality are all made up by you, as are their sexual preferences, gender preferences, history and future, so it's up to YOU to regulate what happens to your character. I assure you that people will ask permission before putting your character into situations you might not want them to be.

Also, good luck selling Bob Ross' daughter, she has a really nice beard.
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2016  Professional General Artist
What do: LFO and MYA mean?

And thank you for all you have done. You are absolutely amazing! 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 11, 2016
Err, I've heard of neither of them... I've added MYO and UFT, which are the acronyms that sound closer to the ones you've said. If you can give me the link to such adopts, I can try to work it out and then add them to the list.

And you're very welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 11, 2016  Professional General Artist
It was for sure MYO, and here's the journal where the deviant used the term LFO clovercoin.deviantart.com/jour…
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 12, 2016
I've written a note to clovercloin just to be sure, I have an idea of what it might be but I want to be sure.
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 12, 2016  Professional General Artist
Thank you :D!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2016
And they were kind enough to reply, so I've added the two acronyms to the list. :)
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2016  Professional General Artist
Yay! Thank you again! :D
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 11, 2016  Professional General Artist
I actually think it was MYO lol. I'll try to get you more acronyms if I see them. And thank you again! 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Feb 12, 2016
Okidoki, thank you. ;)
Reply
:iconparanoiaprincess83:
paranoiaprincess83 Featured By Owner Feb 12, 2016  Professional General Artist
You're welcome :D
Reply
:iconkekimia:
kekimia Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016  Student Traditional Artist
I have a question. I just got my first adoptable. If I ever wanna get future art of my adoptable is that allowed? Say my adoptable and oc. Is it allowed to get commissions of an adoptable as long as the original artist who created her gets credit?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016
Of course you can commission art of your adopted character, and yes, giving credit to the original designer is also a nice thing to do. It is especially important in case of closed original species, because people seeing it need to be informed of the fact that they cannot make one of their own unless they purchase it from the original designer. :)
Reply
:iconkekimia:
kekimia Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2016  Student Traditional Artist
Alright thank you. I was so excited I got my first adopt and I didn't wanna cause problems.thanks!
Reply
:iconnearfromfar:
Nearfromfar Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016  Student Traditional Artist
I've seen only digital adoptables, but I draw traditionally. Could I still make and sell adoptables through traditional art?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016
Of course it is possible. :)

Though in that case, you might need to pay attention to how you 'present' the adoptable. A blurry photo in a dark-ish room will not do your drawing justice, so you need to put effort also in taking good pics (or raise the detail-catch-thingy on your scanner) and maybe also work a bit with the lightness/contrast and filters with a program, as to make the colours really pop out as they would if you could show the buyer the drawing IRL.
Reply
:iconfullcream160:
fullcream160 Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016  Hobbyist
May I paste this information (about how to adopt) into my adoptable group? I'll credit you.
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016
If possible, the link to the whole Journal would be better, but if you really need just some parts then credit is absolutely needed for every excerpt you take.
Reply
:iconfullcream160:
fullcream160 Featured By Owner Jan 2, 2016  Hobbyist
Okay, thank you.
Reply
:iconxlaufie:
xLaufie Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2015  Student Digital Artist
I've been thinking of starting to sell adopts and was checking up on general rules of the community before I start doing so~ So thank you very much for your effort, this helped a lot~
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Dec 12, 2015
You're very welcome. :)
Reply
:icontilachihuahua:
tilachihuahua Featured By Owner Nov 21, 2015  Student General Artist
What about coowning? How does that work? OnO
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 21, 2015
Co-owning is something that came up later on in the adoptable community, mostly because of more highly priced adopts coming out, so co-ownership is a chance for a person to get the adopt they want at a 'cheaper' price. Unfortunately, it also means that two people own the same character, two people who might have different choices about where that character should fit in their OC world. I personally never delved too much in the world of co-owning, simply because I wouldn't be able to stand for someone else to tell me how one of my characters should act or what I can or cannot do with them. ^^;
Reply
:iconsooz19444:
Sooz19444 Featured By Owner Nov 8, 2015  Student General Artist
Okay, question, How to do i send the points once i've claimed the adoptable?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 9, 2015
Unless the artist prefers the Purchase Button or the Commission widjet (they generally tell you so), you go to their main page, on the top right corner, near the badges, there's a button that says 'GIVE'. Press that and it tells you the alternatives, one of which is 'Points'. Then you select the amount, write your password and the transfer is done.
Reply
:iconsooz19444:
Sooz19444 Featured By Owner Nov 9, 2015  Student General Artist
Thank you, you're so helpful!! :)
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 10, 2015
You're welcome. :)
Reply
:iconjennblaise:
jennblaise Featured By Owner Nov 5, 2015  Student General Artist
if you adopt something, can the adopter redraw what they adopted into their own artwork?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Nov 5, 2015
The adopted character is now a character that the buyer can draw every time they like, as well as commission drawings of that character from other artists.
Of course, the original artwork still belongs to the artist, so the buyer should ask for permission before editing the official art.
Reply
:iconjennblaise:
jennblaise Featured By Owner Nov 6, 2015  Student General Artist
Okay thanks!!!
Reply
:iconarcionek:
arcionek Featured By Owner Oct 16, 2015  Hobbyist Filmographer
I have checked the WHOLE tutorial (alright, most of it) and I thought
how it would look to draw an adoptable for myself only...

Cause most of them are just made and sold.
I want to make and keep it...
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 16, 2015
Of course no adoptable creator has ever made a character of their own species or their own design and kept it.

M-mh.

Yep.

We are just as suckers for other designs as we are for our own, and seriously, there's nothing wrong in liking what you made and want to explore it more. And an 'adoptable for myself only' is an OC and everyone has them. The concept of adoptables probably spanned from an overcreation of OCs. A person has designed a character but they have no use for it, so maybe someone else does? And they put it on sale and wait. But if you do a design and keep it for yourself it's just a normal OC. ;)
Reply
:iconarcionek:
arcionek Featured By Owner Oct 17, 2015  Hobbyist Filmographer
Makes sense.



I just replied to that long comment with only 2 words. I feel bad.
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Oct 17, 2015
No worries.

Here are my two cents as well.
Reply
:iconrainbowcat20:
RainbowCat20 Featured By Owner Sep 7, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
Thank you!
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Sep 7, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconrokatsu:
Rokatsu Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
For the longest time I had trouble learning about these things but I'd see them everywhere! Thank you! 
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2015
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconkohushi:
kohushi Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2015
I'm really dumb, so forgive me.

It's o.k. to draw a "fanart" of my own character? (I mean: I sold a character. Can I draw it someday in my gallery?)
And another question: I saw some people selling two identical characters, with different palettes/clothes (like skins). Is this alright?

Could I make different versions of a same chatacter to sell/adopt?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
Yes, you can, as would everyone else. If you're planning to have the character interact with one of yours and you're not in friendly terms with the new owner, better ask first. ('Friendly terms' means that you have chatted with them with more than the two comments needed to sell the character.)

And if the palette and clothes are different, they're not the same character, are they? :P
Those are character made using a base, so the lines are always the same. However, you can't claim that a white horse and a black horse are the same character simply because they're both horses. Adopts with original lines are, of course, more unique, but if you're talking about an original species, the species is the same, no matter the pose you put the character in.

Example of batch:
Graph Adoptables 2 - OPEN by Karijn-s-Basement
They're the same species, but they're different characters. In this case, there's also small editing, but the main lines are the same.

So no, you cannot make different versions of the same character, but you can make different characters of the same species/kind, using the same base.
Reply
:iconkohushi:
kohushi Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
You're so lovely. This really helped me out. ヽ(☆◡☆)ノ
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2015
Thank you, I'm happy you think so. :)
Reply
:iconlunarcat42:
Lunarcat42 Featured By Owner Mar 10, 2015
I have a question!

If you're not an artist (Like me...) what else can you use adoptables for besides drawing?
Reply
:iconkarijn-s-basement:
Karijn-s-Basement Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2015
As a visual reference for a character, if you want to write about them, or as an 'avatar' in RPGs. Or simply because you like the character and want to have it. ^^;
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